Authors: Gudrun Schwilch, Matteo Jucker Riva, Hanspeter Liniger
Editor: Jane Brandt
Source document:

Schwilch, G. et al. 2014. Documented and evaluated natural resource management practices. CASCADE Project Deliverable 7.1. CASCADE Report 05. 10 pp.

While the overall aim of CASCADE is the formulation of effective and sustainable natural resource management options, before inventing new measures it is worthwhile identifying existing practices which are already preventing (or reversing) dramatic ecosystem shifts.

In each of the six study sites, CASCADE partners worked with the following local stakeholders

  • land users and land owners: animal farmers, crop farmers, owners of forest patches
  • land managers: forestry service workers, firemen, agricultural advisors/technicians
  • local administrators: mayors, water authority directors, forest management directors
  • other stakeholders: former land users, inhabitants of the area, experts in land use related topics or local history.

They identified land use-related problems (as perceived by the stakeholders) and the sustainable land management practices they are already using. The method used to structure the discussions, identify and describe practices has been developed, tested and used worldwide by WOCAT, and is fully described on the »WOCAT website.

This process led to the identification and description of 20 sustainable land management technologies and 3 approaches that are already use in the CASCADE study sites.

1. Sustainable land management technologies are agronomic, vegetative, structural and management measures (or combinations of measures) that control land degradation and enhance productivity in the field.

Study Site   Technology (click on the name to see the full description on the WOCAT website)
Várzea, Portugal

technologies 1361

Primary strip network system for fuel management (fire breaks)
Várzea, Portugal technologies 1186 Post-fire forest residue mulch
Várzea, Portugal technologies 1298 Post-fire natural mulching
Várzea, Portugal technologies 1299 Hydromulching for reducing runoff and soil erosion
Albatera, Spain

technologies 1618

Multi-specific plantation of semiarid woody species on slopes
Ayora, Spain technologies 1592 Cleared strip network for fire prevention (fire breaks)
Ayora, Spain technologies 1586 Selective forest clearing to prevent large forest fires
Ayora, Spain technologies 1579 Selective clearing and planting experiment to promote shrubland fire resilience
Ayora, Spain technologies 1584 Afforestation with Pinus halepensis after the fire of 1979 (La Molinera)
Ayora, Spain technologies 1649 Multi-specific plantation of semiarid woody species on terraces with stone walls in ravines and gullies
Castelsaraceno, Italy technologies 1209 Pasture manuring (application of manure from shelter)
Castelsaraceno, Italy technologies 1210 Ploughing and seeding of fodder species to recover degraded grazing areas
Castelsaraceno, Italy technologies 1608 Metallic fences to prevent damage to pastures from wild boars
Castelsaraceno, Italy technologies 1214 Cutting of Ferns in degraded pastures to use as litter and fodder
Castelsaraceno, Italy technologies 1606 Unvegetated strips to reduce fire expansion
Castelsaraceno, Italy technologies 1610 Selective cutting
Messara, Greece technologies 1600 Graze land forestation with Ceratonia siliqua (carob) in the Mediterranean
Messara, Greece technologies 1206 Integrated water-harvesting and livestock water-point system
Randi Forest, Cyprus technologies 1247 Fodder provision to goats and sheep to reduce grazing pressure on natural vegetation
Randi Forest, Cyprus technologies 1703 Carob tree protection from rats


2. Sustainable land management approaches involves many participants (policy-makers, administrators, experts, technicians, land users), inputs and means (financial, material, legislative) and know-how (technical, scientific, practical)

Study site   Approach (click on the name to see the full description on the WOCAT website)
Várzea, Portugal  approaches 2588 Forest Intervention Area (ZIF)
Ayora, Spain approaches 2590 Plan of preventive silviculture (PSP): implementation of firebreak network with a forest intervention area (ZAU)
Castelsaraceno, Italy approaches 2494 Municipal Forest Management Plan (Decade 2010-2019)
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