Understanding sudden shifts in dryland ecosystems ...

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  1. The composition of the plant community of areas subjected to Traditional and, especially, Conservation logging is closer to the Reference than the Degraded areas
  2. The disposal of plant remains on the soil surface after wood removal increased the cover and size of patches and, hence, the conservation of resources
  3. However, plant remains on soil  might hamper the recruitment of some species, especially seeders, with direct consequences of diversity indexes and biomass build up
  4. Ecosystem functioning assessed as LFA’s stability, infiltration and nutrient cycling indexes were improved by the restoration approaches but are still far from the natural forest
  5. In general, restoration actions improved ecosystem properties and services at the very short term after their implementation although the dynamics of the plant communities were slowdown, probably due to the impact of the heavy machinery on the earliest regenerated plants
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